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Loss of Nat4 and its associated histone H4 N-terminal acetylation mediates calorie restriction-induced longevity.

January 10, 2017

EMBO Rep. 2016 Dec;17(12):1829-1843. Epub 2016 Oct 31.

Diego Molina‐Serrano, Vassia Schiza, Christis Demosthenous, Emmanouil Stavrou,Jan Oppelt, Dimitris Kyriakou, Wei Liu, Gertrude Zisser, Helmut Bergler,Weiwei Dang, Antonis Kirmizis

PMID: 27799288. PMCID: PMC5167350. DOI: 10.15252/embr.201642540

Abstract

Changes in histone modifications are an attractive model through which environmental signals, such as diet, could be integrated in the cell for regulating its lifespan. However, evidence linking dietary interventions with specific alterations in histone modifications that subsequently affect lifespan remains elusive. We show here that deletion of histone N-alpha-terminal acetyltransferase Nat4 and loss of its associated H4 N-terminal acetylation (N-acH4) extend yeast replicative lifespan. Notably, nat4Δ-induced longevity is epistatic to the effects of calorie restriction (CR). Consistent with this, (i) Nat4 expression is downregulated and the levels of N-acH4 within chromatin are reduced upon CR, (ii) constitutive expression of Nat4 and maintenance of N-acH4 levels reduces the extension of lifespan mediated by CR, and (iii) transcriptome analysis indicates that nat4Δ largely mimics the effects of CR, especially in the induction of stress-response genes. We further show that nicotinamidase Pnc1, which is typically upregulated under CR, is required for nat4Δ-mediated longevity. Collectively, these findings establish histone N-acH4 as a regulator of cellular lifespan that links CR to increased stress resistance and longevity.

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